BACTERIAL DISEASES

  • Impetigo
  • Folliculitis
  • Toxic Shock Syndrome
  • Necrotizing Fasciitis
  • Erysipelas
  • Pseudomonas Dermatitis
  • Otitis Externa
  • Acne
  • Buruli Ulcer
1. IMPETIGO
  • Impetigois a highly contagious bacterialskininfection most common among pre-school children. People who play close contact sports such as rugby, American football and wrestling are also susceptible, regardless of age. Impetigo is not as common in adults. It is also known as school sores.

2. FOLLICULITIS

  • Folliculitis is the inflammation of one or more hair follicles. The condition may occur anywhere on the skin with the exception of the palms of the hands and soles of the feet.

3.  TOXICK SHOCK SYNDROME

  • Toxic shock syndrome is a potentially fatal illness caused by a bacterial toxin. Different bacterialtoxins may cause toxic shock syndrome, depending on the situation. The causative bacteria include Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes. Streptococcal TSS is sometimes referred to as toxic shock-like syndrome (TSLS) or streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS).

4. NECROTIZING FASCIITIS

  • Necrotizing fasciitis , commonly known as flesh-eating disease or flesh-eating bacteria syndrome, is a rare infection of the deeper layers of skin and subcutaneous tissues, easily spreading across the fascial plane within the subcutaneous tissue. Necrotizing fasciitis is a quickly progressing and severe disease of sudden onset and is usually treated immediately with high doses of intravenous antibiotics.
5. ERYSIPELAS
  • Erysipelas  is an acute streptococcus bacterial infection of the upper dermis and superficial lymphatics.
6. PSEUDOMONAS DERMATITIS
7. OTITIS EXTERNA
  • Otitis externa is an inflammation of the outer ear and ear canal. Along withotitis media, external otitis is one of the two human conditions commonly called “earache”. It also occurs in many other species. Inflammation of the skin of the ear canal is the essence of this disorder. The inflammation can be secondary to dermatitis (eczema) only, with no microbial infection, or it can be caused by active bacterial or fungal infection. In either case, but more often with infection, the ear canal skin swells and may become painful and/or tender to touch.

 8. ACNE

  • Acne is a common human skin disease, characterized by areas of skin with seborrhea (scaly red skin),comedones (blackheads and whiteheads), papules (pinheads), pustules (pimples), Nodules (large papules) and possibly scarring. Acne affects mostly skin with the densest population of sebaceous follicles; these areas include the face, the upper part of the chest, and the back. Severe acne is inflammatory, but acne can also manifest in noninflammatory forms. The lesions are caused by changes in pilosebaceous units, skin structures consisting of a hair follicle and its associated sebaceous gland, changes that requireandrogen stimulation.
9. BURULI ULCER
  • The Buruli ulcer  is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans. The genus also includes the causative agents of tuberculosis and leprosy (M. tuberculosis and M. leprae, respectively). The early stage of infection is characterised by a painless nodule, with non-pyogenic, necrotising lesions developing in the skin, and occasionally in adjacent bone, as the disease progresses. M. ulcerans secretes a lipid toxin, mycolactone, which functions as animmune suppressant, necrotising agent and activator of cellular apoptosis in mammalian tissues.

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