- Candidiasis or thrush is a fungal infection (mycosis) of any of the Candida species (allyeasts), of which Candida albicans is the most common. Also commonly referred to as a yeast infection, candidiasis is also technically known as candidosis, moniliasis, and oidiomycosis.
- Dermatophytosis or ringworm is a clinical condition caused by fungal infection of theskin in humans, pets such as cats, and domesticated animals such as sheep and cattle. The term “ringworm” is a misnomer, since the condition is caused by fungi of several different species and not by parasitic worms. The fungi that cause parasitic infection(dermatophytes) feed on keratin, the material found in the outer layer of skin, hair, andnails. These fungi thrive on skin that is warm and moist, but may also survive directly on the outsides of hair shafts or in their interiors. In pets, the fungus responsible for the disease survives in skin and on the outer surface of hairs.
- Sporotrichosis (also known as “Rose gardener’s disease”) is a disease caused by the infection of the fungus Sporothrix schenckii. This fungal disease usually affects the skin, although other rare forms can affect the lungs, joints, bones, and even the brain. Becauseroses can spread the disease, it is one of a few diseases referred to as rose-thorn or rose-gardeners’ disease.