- Scabies known colloquially as the seven-year itch, is a contagious skin infection that occurs among humans and other animals. It has been classified by the WHO as a water-related disease. It is caused by a tiny and usually not directly visible parasite, the mite Sarcoptes scabiei, which burrows under the host’s skin, causing intense allergic itching. The infection in animals (caused by different but related mite species) is called sarcoptic mange.
- Pediculosis is an infestation of lice, blood-feeding ectoparasitic insects of the orderPhthiraptera. The condition can occur in almost any species of warm-blooded animal, including humans. Although “pediculosis” in humans may properly refer to lice infestation of any part of the body, the term is sometimes used loosely to refer to pediculosis capitis, the infestation of the human head with the specifichead louse.